Objectives: Information on family planning and use of antenatal care services is vital for understanding the main influences on fertility and evaluating the success of national family planning programmes. This study aimed to explore contraceptive use and its relation to use of antenatal care services in Egypt.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among women attending three primary health care centres serving different slum areas of Cairo.
Results: Most of women who used antenatal care services obtained contraception from the state sector. Although the number of antenatal care visits was not significantly associated with contraceptive use, it was a significant determining factor for the type of method used. Reasons given for non-use of contraception were related to reproductive health concerns or disapproval of contraceptive use.
Conclusion: Contraceptive use is widespread in Egypt, regardless of age and level of education. Antenatal care is no longer viewed with suspicion. Antenatal care visits are an opportunity for health care providers (HCPs) to encourage the use of contraception. Repeated antenatal care visits help to engender a relationship of trust between women and HCPs. Incorporation of family planning programmes into antenatal care programmes would be an opportunity to promote modern contraceptive use.