Understanding HPV and Cervical Cancer

[Namibian] AFTER cervical cancer claimed the life of a loved one last year, 21-year-old *Irene has since educated herself about a sexually transmitted infection called the human papilloma virus.

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For its first few years on the market, the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine was approved only for young girls. Over time, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has broadened its approval to include boys, as well as adults up to age 45—allowing more people to get the cancer-preventing vaccine, but also breeding confusion about who should get vaccinated and when.
On Thursday, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new recommendations, based on guidance from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, that should clear up some of that confusion. The CDC reaffirmed that its prior…

Source: TIME: HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized onetime public health Source Type: news

The number of studies, the sample size, and the prevalence on HPV infection in general population of each province of China AbstractHuman papillomavirus (HPV) infection which continues to be the most common sexually transmitted disease, has been identified as a major risk factor for cervical cancer. Therefore, it is very important to understand and grasp the distribution of HPV in Chinese population, and make the foundation for the development of cervical cancer vaccine in China. An extensive search strategy was conducted in multiple literature databases. All retrieved studies were screened by October 31, 2018. The prevale…

Source: Cancer MedicineCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Most of the time, the body clears it without problems. But when it doesn’t, it can lead to cancer. HPV is the leading cause of cervical cancer, and it can also lead to cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and mouth. Every year, there are more than 40,000 cases of cancer caused by HPV.
The HPV vaccine can prevent most of them.
Research shows the HPV vaccine is effective
A study published in the journal Pediatrics underlined just how effective the vaccine is. Researchers studied women ages 13 to 26 between 2006 and 2017, looking…

Source: Harvard Health BlogCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children’s Health Men’s Health Parenting Vaccines Women’s Health Source Type: blogs

This study confirms that hrHPV infection was associated with age, marital status, sympt oms of intercourse bleeding, history of sexually transmitted infections, and sex-related behaviors. Above all, this study provides a baseline database prior to obtaining vaccinations for dynamic tracking of the changes in hrHPV prevalence.

Increased HPV vaccination coverage in California is needed to reduce economic and health burdens associated with cancers caused by HPV infection.

High levels of high-risk HPV infection and type-specific persistence were documented, heightening the urgency of mass role out of HPV vaccination. The association between HPV persistence and HIV transmission is a novel finding, warranting further study.

When VIA performs relatively poorly and HPV testing is available, adding VIA to sequential (ie, HPV followed by VIA triage) or primary (HPV-VIA cotesting) screening does not significantly improve CIN-2+ detection beyond primary HPV screening alone. Sequential screening (ie, HPV followed by VIA triage) reduces sensitivity too low for population-based screening programs. The HPV viral loads could offer an alternative low-resource country triage strategy.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common sexually transmitted infection associated with cervical cancer that frequently occurs as a coinfection of types and subtypes. Highly similar sublineages that show over 10…

Source: BMC BioinformaticsCategory: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Software Source Type: research

Conclusions: The results of this study demonstrated that more active education is needed to decrease HPV infections among undergraduate students. Increasing awareness of HPV makes it easier to develop positive behaviors in fighting against it. In order to increase the contribution of young people to educational activities for the community, information about HPV and HPV vaccines should first be included in training programs at universities. To support the development of effective and high-quality public health interventions, young people should be educated so that obstacles to HPV vaccination in various cultural groups can…

Authors: Schettino MT, De Franciscis P, Schiattarella A, La Manna V, Della Gala A, Caprio F, Tammaro C, Ammaturo FP, Guler T, Yenigün EH
The human papilloma virus (HPV) is a DNA virus associated with benign and malignant lesions of skin and mucous membranes and is the most common sexually transmitted viral infection worldwide. We investigated the prevalence of HPV infection and associated risk factors in Italian and Turkish women population attending the gynecology outpatients clinic in Naples (Italy) and Pamukkale (Turkey). Women were enrolled from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of the U…

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