Personal and Neighborhood Attributes Associated with Cervical and Colorectal Cancer Screening in an Urban African American Population


Personal and Neighborhood Attributes Associated with Cervical and Colorectal Cancer Screening in an Urban African American Population

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This study, for the first time, aims to quantify the impact of modulation restriction on plan quality indices in inverse optimization for cervix high-dose-rate (HDR) brachytherapy using the BEBIG SagiPlan treatment planning system.
Material and methods: Ten cervical cancer patient plans were optimized for treatment with a BEBIG SagiNova 60Co HDR afterloader using the min/max inverse planning method, with dwell time homogeneity error weight (DTHEW) parameter values of 0 to 10. Dwell time homogeneity and gradients as well as various plan quality indices were analyzed.
Results: For DTHEW = 0, min/max-based optimizatio…

Publication date: Available online 21 August 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Aisha K. Lofters, Alexander Kopp, Mandana Vahabi, Richard H. GlazierAbstractPopulations that are more than just slightly overdue for breast, cervical and colorectal screening should likely be targeted for policy and practice interventions. We used provincial-level administrative data to describe the Ontario population who are screen-eligible for breast, cervical and colorectal cancers but overdue by at least five years. For each cancer screening type, we created three cohorts and a binary outcome: screened at least once in the previous f…

Source: Preventive MedicineCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The present prospective study evaluated the safety and efficacy of the rectum following KUSHEN Ningjiaos in cervical cancer. We compared rectal wall changes during brachytherapy with or without KUSHEN Ningjiaos i…

Source: Radiation OncologyCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

Retinoblastoma binding protein 6 (RBBP6) is a cancer-related protein that has been implicated in the regulation of cell cycle and apoptosis. RBBP6 isoform 1 has been demonstrated to interact with two tumour suppressors, p53 and pRB. Isoform 1 been shown to regulate p53 through its ubiquitin ligase activity, thus implicating in cell cycle regulation and apoptosis. Isoforms 1 and 2 are multidomain proteins containing a domain with no name (DWNN) domain, a Zinc Finger, a RING Finger, an Rb-binding domain and a p53-binding domain. The RBBP6 isoform 3 comprises the DWNN domain only. Isoform 4 lacks the Rb-binding domain but its…

Source: Anti-Cancer DrugsCategory: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Authors: Wang J, Liu H, Zheng K, Zhang S, Dong W
microRNA (miR)-6852 has been demonstrated to suppress the progression of gastric, colorectal and cervical cancer. The mechanism by which miR-6852 regulates glioma cells is yet to be elucidated. In the present study, reverse transcription-quantitative PCR analysis was used and the results demonstrated that miR-6852 expression was reduced in glioma tissues and cells. Cell counting kit-8 and transwell assay analysis indicated that proliferation, migration and invasion of A172 cells in the miR-6852 mimic group were lower than in the miR-NC group. Compared with t…

Adaptive radiotherapy (ART) is a complexe image-guided radiotherapy modality that comprises multiple planning to account for anatomical variations occurring during irradiation. Schematically, two strategies of RTA can be distinguished and combined according to tumor locations. One or more replanning can be proposed to correct systematic variations such as tumor shrinkage. A library of treatment plans with day-to-day plan selection from cone-beam CT imaging can also be proposed to correct random variations such as uterine motion or bladder/rectum volume changes. Because of strong anatomical variations occu…

Source: Cancer RadiotherapieCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Radiother Source Type: research

In conclusion, the antibacterial and cytotoxic activities suggested that the novel antifungalmycin N2 was a promising active structure to be developed as new drug for treating infectious diseases and cancers.
PMID: 31411045 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Natural Product ResearchCategory: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research

Conclusion: These results suggest that apatinib might be effective for not only gastric cancer but also other carcinomas including lung cancer, colorectal cancer, cervical cancer, liver cancer, breast cancer, and nasopharyngeal cancer. Thus, apatinib is a promising targeted drug for multiple types of cancer.

Source: Journal of Cancer Research and TherapeuticsCategory: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research

This article summarizes the recent advances in research on the multifarious pharmacological effects of A. camphorata. The mushroom exhibits anticancer activity toward a large variety of cancers including breast, cervical, ovarian, prostate, bladder, colorectal, pancreatic, liver, and lung cancers; melanoma; leukemia; lymphoma; neuroblastoma; and glioblastoma. Other activities encompass antiinflammatory, antiatopic dermatitis, anticachexia, immunoregulatory, antiobesity, antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, antiatherosclerotic, antihypertensive, antiplatelet, antioxidative, antiphotodamaging, hepatoprotective, renoprotective, …

AbstractPeople who seek health information frequently may be more likely to meet health behavior goals; however, people use many different information sources. The purpose of this paper is to assess how different sources of health information influence likelihood of meeting cancer prevention behavior guidelines. Logistic regression of cross-sectional data from 6  years of the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) was conducted. Independent variables included first source of health information, gender, age, race, education level, income, cancer history, general health, and data year; dependent variables wer…

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