Hurricane Dorian Is Gone. But the Bahamas Still Faces a Big Risk From Infectious Disease


Hurricane Dorian’s 185 mph winds and punishingly slow pace smashed entire neighborhoods in the Bahamas, killing at least 50 people. But now, Bahamians are facing a different kind of threat. The lack of access to toilets, clean water and medications puts tens of thousands at risk for disease, public health experts warn.
Bahamians in the hardest-hit areas are already suffering from cuts and gashes caused by widespread debris and wreckage. But now aid groups are saying survivors are beginning to show signs of gastrointestinal issues from contaminated water. Those with chronic illnesses are struggling without access to treatment for chronic conditions like diabetes and high blood pressure. And if water that the storm dumped on the islands remains stagnant and untreated for long enough, it could become a breeding ground for mosquitos, giving rise to diseases like dengue, chikungunya and Zika.

“There’s a lot of downstream cascading effects people don’t think about,” Dr. Amesh Adalja, an infectious disease physician and expert at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security, tells TIME.
Previous disasters in the Caribbean have brought infectious disease outbreaks that wreaked havoc after the initial disaster. Cholera killed thousands in Haiti after the 2010 earthquake and and at least two dozen are believed to have died in Puerto Rico from a leptospirosis outbreak following Hurricane Maria in 2017.
What are aid groups seeing on the ground?
Heart to Hea…

Source: TIME: HealthCategory: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Bahamas Infectious Disease onetime weather Source Type: news

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CONCLUSION A positive relationship was observed between the carotid intima-media thickness and annexin V at the end of our investigation. In this regard, we also believe that serum levels of annexin V may be increased for cardiovascular protection in the elevation of carotid intima-media thickness.RESUMO OBJETIVO Investigar os n íveis séricos de anexina V e antianexina V e sua relação com os parâmetros metabólicos em pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 recém-diagnosticados. MÉTODOS Foram incluídos no estudo 143 pacientes e 133 controles com diabetes tipo 2 rec&ea…

CONCLUSION Our results suggest that diabetes increases the vulnerability to ischemia-induced renal injury. This increased vulnerability originates from a heightened inflammatory response involving the TLR7 signal transduction pathway.RESUMO OBJETIVO O diabetes é um fator de risco para a lesão renal aguda (LRA). No entanto, seu mecanismo de patogênese não foi elucidado. O objetivo do estudo foi investigar o papel da inflamação e do receptor Toll-like 7 (TLR7) na LRA isquêmica no diabetes. MÉTODOS Um modelo de hipóxia-reoxigenação de células e …

Source: BMJ CommentsCategory: General Medicine Source Type: forums

ConclusionUnderstanding the effects of new variants and changes in dominant circulating viral strains on the age distribution of the affected human population, disease severity and epidemic levels is useful for the establishment of fine-tuned strategies for further improvement of influenza control.

Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Rokhsareh Mohammadzadeh, Azadeh Azadegan, Behrooz Sadeghi KalaniAbstractListeriosis is a serious infection linked to the consumption of food contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes. Outbreaks and mortality rates associated with this infection make it a significant public health concern. As biocontrol agents, probiotics such as Lactobacillus plantarum had been of interest for the promotion of antilisterial activities. However, a recent bacteriocin from epidemic L. monocytogenes strains called listeriolysin S (LLS) has been identifi…

Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Julieta Lazarte, Robert A. HegeleAbstractLipid abnormalities beyond elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol contribute to increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in type 2 diabetes. We searched for English language randomized controlled trials of lipid-lowering therapies primarily since 2012 that included patients with diabetes. Diet and lifestyle advice are always a starting point for ASCVD prevention in diabetes. After almost 30 years of widespread clinical use in diabetes, statin treatme…

DiabetesMine explores the risks and benefits of exercise for those living with type 1 diabetes.

Source: Diabetes MineCategory: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: blogs

Systematic review looking at trends in new cases of diabetes shows some stable and declining rates, but editorialist is skeptical of the findings.Medscape Medical News

Resveratrol and resveratrol-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin complex recovered the changes of creatine kinase and Na+, K+-ATPase activities found in the spleen from streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
An Acad Bras Cienc. 2019;91(3):e20181330
Authors: Kolling J, Kolling J, Franceschi ID, Nishihira VSK, Baldissera MD, Pinto CG, Mezzomo NJ, Carmo GMD, Feksa LR, Fernandes LS, Orengo G, Vaucher RA, Giongo JL, Wyse ATS, Wannmacher CMD, Rech VC
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is the result of the selective destruction of the pancreatic β-cells by T cells of the immune system. Although spleen is a seco…

Source: An Acad Bras CiencCategory: Science Authors: Tags: An Acad Bras Cienc Source Type: research

ConclusionsAll arterial stiffness measures increased with age. The CAVI and CF-PWV were higher in men and the central augmentation index was higher in women, with no differences in BA-PWV.This study is registered at Identifier NCT02623894.ResumenIntroducción y objetivosDescribir por primera vez valores de referencia del índice vascular corazón-tobillo (ICT), la velocidad de la onda de pulso brazo-tobillo (VOP-BT), la velocidad de la onda de pulso carótida-femoral (VOP-CF) y el índice de aumento central y establecer relación con factores de riesgo cardiovascular …

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