Govt On Fight Against Brucellosis, Anthrax

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[Daily News] THE government has embarked on a countrywide fight against brucellosis and anthrax – animal diseases that also pose serious human health problems.

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Discussion
Dengue is an important arboviral infection that affects about 40% of the world population. It is found mainly in topical and subtropical areas of the world mainly in developing countries but it range is spreading including the United States. A review of common arboviruses can be found here. It is a flaviavirus with 4 distinct serotypes named DENV-1 through DENV-4 and is spread by A. aegypti a day biting mosquito. Infection with one serotype confers immunity to that serotype but not the others. It does offer some protection for cross-infection but this only lasts a few months. Incubation period is 3-14 days with …

Source: PediatricEducation.orgCategory: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

In conclusion, we unraveled the secretome of G. adiacens, an oral bacterium well-documented in infective endocarditis, but also recently shown to be involved in oral infections. Importantly, the secretome of G. adiacens comprised of a large number of putative virulence factors. Of particular importance is the finding that the G. adiacens secretome comprised of a number of “moonlighting” proteins, which in other species are shown to enhance bacterial colonization and virulence through their multifunctional roles (Pavkova et al., 2017; Graf et al., 2019). Thus, our results provide a basis for investigating the ro…

What do measles, tuberculosis, and grains have in common? For that matter, what do anthrax, influenza, and brucellosis also share in common with grains?
All the conditions listed are examples of zoonoses, i.e., diseases contracted by humans from animals. When humans first invited domesticated grazing creatures–cows, sheep, goats–into our huts, adobe homes, or caves, often sleeping in the same room, using them for milk or food, we acquired many of their diseases. These diseases were unknown prior to the human domestication of grazing ruminants.
The process of animal domestication changed the course of human civi…

Source: Wheat Belly BlogCategory: Cardiology Authors: Tags: News & Updates gluten gluten-free grain-free grains tuberculosis wheat belly zoonoses Source Type: blogs

AbstractA cross-sectional survey was carried out to investigate the seroprevalence of ovine and bovine brucellosis in the livestock –wildlife interface area ofNechisar National Park, Ethiopia. Furthermore, producer ’s knowledge about brucellosis and its zoonotic potential was assessed using a structured questionnaire. A total of 268 cattle and 246 goat sera were collected from 50 herds and 46 flocks and subjected to Rose Bengal test (RBT) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in parallel to detect an ti-Brucella species antibodies. Positive reactions were further confirmed with compliment fixation test …

Authors: Revich B, Tokarevich N, Parkinson A
Abstract
Climate change in the Russian Arctic is more pronounced than in any other part of the country. Between 1955 and 2000, the annual average air temperature in the Russian North increased by 1.2°C. During the same period, the mean temperature of upper layer of permafrost increased by 3°C. Climate change in Russian Arctic increases the risks of the emergence of zoonotic infectious diseases. This review presents data on morbidity rates among people, domestic animals and wildlife in the Russian Arctic, focusing on the potential climate related emergence of such…

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. 07/2016 This 15-page report summarizes the Federal Security Advisory Panel’s charge to provide policy and technical input for the biennial review of the Biological Select Agents and Toxins (BSAT) list. The panel considered technical and policy factors related to C. burnetii (a bacterium that causes Q fever); R. prowazekii (a bacterium that causes epidemic typhus); B. anthracis Pasteur strain (an attenuated strain of the anthrax bacterium); B. abortus (a bacterium that causes brucellosis); B. melitensis (a bacteriu…

Funding Opportunity ID: 290231 Opportunity Number: CDC-RFA-CK17-1702 Opportunity Title: Addressing Emerging Zoonoses and Strengthening Animal and Human Health SystemsOpportunity Category: DiscretionaryOpportunity Category Explanation: Funding Instrument Type: Cooperative AgreementCategory of Funding Activity: HealthCategory Explanation: CFDA Number(s): 93.318Eligible Applicants: Others (see text field entitled “Additional Information on Eligibility” for clarification)Additional Information on Eligibility: Sole Source to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.Agency Code: HHS-CDC-NCE…

Source: Grants.govCategory: Research Tags: Health Source Type: funding

ConclusionAlthough less prominently mentioned, neglected zoonotic diseases ranked highly compared to those with epidemic potential suggesting these endemic diseases cause substantial public health burden. The list of priority zoonotic disease is crucial for the targeted allocation of resources and informing disease prevention and control programs for zoonoses in Kenya.

Source: PLoS OneCategory: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research

Conclusions This study revealed differences in knowledge of different zoonoses and low case report frequencies of brucellosis, leptospirosis, and Q fever. There was a lack of known diagnostic services for leptospirosis and Q fever. These findings emphasize a need for improved diagnostic capacity alongside healthcare provider education and improved clinical guidelines for syndrome-based disease management to provoke diagnostic consideration of locally relevant zoonoses in the absence of laboratory confirmation.

Abstract
This review reports on laboratory diagnostic approaches for selected, highly pathogenic neglected zoonotic diseases, i.e. anthrax, bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis, echinococcosis, leishmaniasis, rabies, Taenia solium-associated diseases (neuro-/cysticercosis &taeniasis) and trypanosomiasis. Diagnostic options, including microscopy, culture, matrix-assisted laser-desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, molecular approaches and serology are introduced. These procedures are critically discussed regarding their diagnostic reliability and state of evaluation. For rare diseases reliable eva…

Source: Acta TropicaCategory: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research

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