DIY alternative to smear test ‘promising’


Self-testing kits could help more women get checked for cervical cancer risk, researchers say.

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Swabs or urine self-sampling could be less invasive at identifying high-risk womenSwabs or urine samples taken at home could be as effective at identifying women at high risk of cervical cancer as traditional smear tests, according to new research.Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women globally. In the UK, women aged between 25 and 64 are invited for cervical screening every three years.Continue reading…

Source: Guardian Unlimited ScienceCategory: Science Authors: Tags: Cervical cancer Science Health Society UK news HPV vaccine Source Type: news

CONCLUSION: HAART had cytoprotective effect against cervical dysplasia in HIV+ve females, by reducing progression of ASCUS to LSIL, HSIL and cervical cancer. Progression from normal to ASCUS increased which could be due to latency or/and prolonged persistent high risk HPV and HIV infections, of the most sexually active age group before diagnosed of HIV.
PMID: 31653145 [PubMed – in process]

CONCLUSION: Saudi women in the Qassim region have moderate awareness of cervical cancer but negative attitudes toward screening. Awareness campaigns are needed to promote knowledge and improve pap smear attendance to eliminate negative perceptions and beliefs.
PMID: 31653142 [PubMed – in process]

Results show the importance of OB/GYN visits in obtaining Pap tests for AAPI and NLW students.
Implication for Practice
Health practitioners should pay attention to students’ race/ethnicity in their practice and provide corresponding ethnic group–specific preventive care.

Source: Cancer NursingCategory: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research

AbstractThe purpose of this cross-sectional survey study was to explore common barriers to adequate Pap smear utilization among homeless women, and the factors that may relate to cervical cancer testing in this population. Participants consisted of adult women recruited at a healthcare facility for the homeless. Data were collected through a self-completed questionnaire on knowledge, attitudes and intentions about Pap smears and cervical cancer. Analyses included descriptive and inferential statistics. Sixty participants who had experienced homelessness within the past year completed the study. The most frequently mentione…

This article evaluates access to the Papanicolaou test in the Family Health Strategy (FHS) in municipalities in a health region. Cervical cancer control depends on a well-organized Family Health Strategy, so assessment of access to the Papanicolaou test reflects the quality of care at this level. This is a qualitative study with data produced in 10 focus groups, totaling 70 participants in four municipalities. We analyzed the organizational, symbolic, and technical dimensions of access to the Pap test, with cervical cancer control as the marker. The results indicate that living in rural areas was a barrier to access to the…

Source: Cadernos de Saude PublicaCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Cad Saude Publica Source Type: research

CONCLUSION: Endometrial cancer patients with abnormalPap smears were strongly and independently associated with histopathologically diagnosed cervical stromal invasion.
PMID: 31554386 [PubMed – in process]

CONCLUSION: ASC-H cytology confers a substantially higher risk for high grade CIN than ASCUS regardless of age. HPV test is an important triage test in patients with ASCUS to predict cellular changes and CIN.
PMID: 31554348 [PubMed – in process]

Paige Hart, from Nottingham, calls for the smear test age to be lowered.

Conclusion: Sub-Saharan countries still have a long way to go in controlling the high burden of cervical cancer. Effective prevention methods exist, such as HPV vaccination and screening, but their affordability and implementation remain challenging for most of these countries. Despite that, there is still light on the horizon, as the cost of HPV vaccines has been steadily decreasing and most African countries are using the more cost-effective methods of cervical cancer screening.
PMID: 31552125 [PubMed]

Source: EcancermedicalscienceCategory: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Ecancermedicalscience Source Type: research

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