Research by the Oral Health Foundation showed that two-thirds of Britons don’t realise that HPV is contracted through sexual contact. HPV can trigger cancer in the mouth, throat and cervix.
ConclusionsOral HPV infection is significantly prevalent and widespread worldwide, particularly among men and among populations at risk. Prevalence has increased during the last two decades.
Human papillomaviruses (HPV) are small, double-stranded DNA viruses that cause cervical cancer, the second most lethal cancer among women in the world. Currently, two vaccines are on the market for preventing HPV-caused cervical cancers and warts. Both are virus-like particle (VLP)-based vaccines. However, these vaccines have limitations; they are costly, have an invasive route of administration, require trained personnel to administer, need cold chain storage to preserve them, and most of all, they are preventive vaccines that do not have curative effects. Therefore, it is necessary to develop therapeuti…
Did you know that a viral infection can lead to a number of different types of cancer? If that comes as a surprise to you, you’re not alone. In fact, according to a new study, many people have no idea that a common viral infection called human papilloma virus (HPV) can cause cancer of the genitals, anus, mouth, and throat, as well as cervical cancer.
Viral infections and cancer
The connection between certain viral infections and cancer has been recognized for many years. Some of the most well-established examples include hepatitis C, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and human papillomavirus (HPV). One thing these …
Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Jan M. Eberth, Whitney E. Zahnd, Swann Arp Adams, Daniela B. Friedman, Stephanie B. Wheeler, James R. HébertAbstractThe mortality-to-incidence ratio (MIR) can be computed from readily accessible, public-use data on cancer incidence and mortality, and a high MIR value is an indicator of poor survival relative to incidence. Newly available data on congressional district-specific cancer incidence and mortality from the U.S. Cancer Statistics (USCS) database from 2011 to 2015 were used to compute MIR values for overall (all types com…
Conclusions: The BPP repair is a safe and effective processing scheme for patients with cervical anastomotic fistula after resection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. This method may be recommended for appropriate patients with intractable cervical anastomotic fistula.
PMID: 31656653 [PubMed]
Robert Chelsea turned down the first face he was offered. It was a fine face, one that could have taken him off the transplant waiting list after just a couple months. But Chelsea—severely disfigured after a catastrophic car accident five years earlier—was in no hurry. He’d gotten used to tilting his head back so food and water wouldn’t fall out of his nearly lipless mouth. He knew how to respond compassionately to children who stared in shock and fear. The face, offered in May 2018, had belonged to a man with skin that was much fairer than what remained of Chelsea’s—so light that Chelse…
ConclusionWe suggest that esophageal bypass using pedicled jejunal pull-up “supercharging” by creating anastomoses between the jejunal and internal thoracic vessels is the optimal procedure for patients with extensive cicatricial esophageal stenosis caused by corrosive esophagitis.
Creatine, the organic acid that is popularly taken as a supplement by athletes and bodybuilders, serves as a molecular battery for immune cells by storing and distributing energy to power their fight against cancer, according to new UCLA research.The study, conducted in mice and published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine, is the first to show that creatine uptake is critical to the anti-tumor activities of CD8 T cells, also known as killer T cells, the foot soldiers of the immune system. The researchers also found that creatine supplementation can improve the efficacy of existing immunotherapies.“Because oral …
AP-1 is a dimeric complex that is composed of JUN, FOS, ATF and MAF protein families. FOS-related antigen 1 (FRA1) which encoded by FOSL1 gene, belongs to the FOS protein family, and mainly forms an AP-1 complex with the protein of the JUN family to exert an effect. Regulation of FRA1 occurs at levels of transcription and post-translational modification, and phosphorylation is the major post-translational modification. FRA1 is mainly regulated by the mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway and is degraded by ubiquitin-independent proteasomes. FRA1 can affect biological functions, such as tumor…
ConclusionThe most common cancers were those associated with ‘westernisation’ of lifestyle. Our figures contrast with other Sub-Saharan Africa countries where infection related cancers are most predominant. The MNCR has also improved its data quality over time.