Model predicts metastases in endometrial cancer patients

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Using ultrasound in combination with endometrial biopsy results and clinical…Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading:
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In conclusion, low-certainty evidence for hysterectomy and sacrocolpopexy operations suggests that complication rates for robot-assisted surgery might be similar to those for conventional laparoscopic surgery. Things are more uncertain for gynaecological cancer, where we found no comparative evidence on cancer recurrence or survival after the surgery. As robot-assisted surgery depends on the skill and experience of the surgeon and is expensive, evaluating its effectiveness and safety continues to present a challenge; but this needs to be met if we are to have reliable evidence on its potential benefits and harms.Read the C…

Source: Cochrane News and EventsCategory: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

Authors: Ferreira H, Smith AV, Wattiez A
Abstract
The present review aims to analyze the current data available on the different applications of indocyanine green (ICG) in gynecology. A semantic review of English-language publications was performed by searching for MeSH terms and keywords in the PubMed and Google Scholar databases. The studies were finally selected by one author according to the aim of this review. ICG is a highly water-soluble tricarbocyanine dye that fluoresces in the NIR spectrum. Approved by the FDA in 1959, it can be administered either IV (usual dose of 5 mg) or locally/submucosally (usual do…

In this study, vaginal microbiome was divided in five biotypes, being four of them dominated by lactobacilli and considered as healthy (pH 5.0) and higher diversity. In a healthy status, microbiota is balanced and forms a stable ecological unit dominated by Lactobacillus species, which fixes pH below 5.0 and controls non-desirable groups. In a pathogenic process, the microbiome shifts to a dysbiotic state, in which lactobacilli drop, pH is increased to values above 4.5 and other groups such as Gardnerella, Atopobium, Prevotella, and Streptococcus, among others, can overgrow (Srinivasan et al., 2012). Short chain fatty acid…

CONCLUSION: The excess risk of ovarian cancer among women with ovarian endometriosis translates into two excess cases per 1,000 patients followed for 10 years. Acknowledging these risks is important when planning long-term management of women with endometriosis.
PMID: 29742675 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]

Source: Obstetrics and GynecologyCategory: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Mesonephric adenocarcinoma most commonly arises in the cervix and is presumed to be derived from normal or hyperplastic mesonephric remnants. It is characterized by recurrent KRAS mutations and lack of PIK3CA/PTEN alterations. Adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus and ovary characterized by morphologic and immunophenotypic similarities to mesonephric adenocarcinoma have been reported. The pathogenesis of these tumors, which have been designated “mesonephric-like adenocarcinomas” is unknown, and it has been debated whether these represent mesonephric adenocarcinomas that arise in the endometrium/ovary or endomet…

Conclusion This case illustrates a presentation of endometriosis in a postmenopausal woman mimicking advanced mullerian malignancy. The patient’s estrogenic state from obesity in combination with the agonist action of the tamoxifen likely contributed to her rare presentation. While findings such as a thickened endometrial stripe are typical of tamoxifen use, such widespread proliferation of endometriosis resulting in a pelvic mass, genito-urinary obstruction, and plaque-like pelvic spread are not. Précis Endometriosis is a benign estrogen dependent condition rarely problematic in a postmenopausal patient. Tamoxifen …

This study aimed to unravel the association between endometriosis and cancers.

Source: Fertility and SterilityCategory: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Tags: Poster session Source Type: research

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To determine ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) expression in normal and pathological tissue of female reproductive system to better understand the physiological role of IF1 in malignancies of the female reproductive system.
METHODS: Surgical specimens of normal tissues and primary malignant tumors were obtained during the past 2 years, including 38 normal endometrium tissues, 33 endometriosis tissues, 30 endometrial adenocarcinoma tissues, 24 uterine myoideum tissues, 30 uterine fibroid tissues, 18 normal cervical tissues, 30 cervical squamous carcinoma tissues, 11 fallopian tube tissues, 1…

Source: Journal of Southern Medical UniversityCategory: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao Source Type: research

AbstractBackgroundWe previously developed a new plasma amino acid profile-based index (API) to detect ovarian, cervical, and endometrial cancers. Here, we compared API to serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125) for distinguishing epithelial ovarian malignant tumors from benign growths.MethodsAPI and CA125 were measured preoperatively in patients with ovarian tumors, which were later classified into 59 epithelial ovarian cancers, 21 epithelial borderline malignant tumors, and 97 benign tumors including 40 endometriotic cysts. The diagnostic accuracy and cutoff points of API were evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (R…

Authors: Kuloglu T, Celik O, Aydin S, Hanifi Ozercan I, Acet M, Aydin Y, Artas G, Turk A, Yardim M, Ozan G, Hanifi Yalcin M, Kocaman N
Abstract
To determine expression pattern of irisin in tissues obtained from human ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and cervix cancer. Tissue samples obtained from subjects with breast cancer, ovarian cancer cervix cancer, simple endometrial hyperplasia, complex atypical endometrial hyperplasia. At least five sections from each subject were immunohistochemically stained with irisin antibody, and H-score method was used to evaluate irisin intensity. Tissues obtained from healthy breast …



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