Mother-of-two, 31, is dying of incurable cervical cancer after doctors refused a smear test

0
2


Maxine Smith, of Cheadle, claims she was refused a smear test because she wasn’t due one. She was diagnosed with cancer in 2018 and then told in November 2019 that her cancer was incurable.

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: Cervical cancer can be detected by molecular techniques such as (1) PCR, (2) visual acetic acid method, (3) DNA Hybrid II test, (4) liquid based cytology, (5) Pap-Smear techniques, and (6) colposcopy techniques. Early detection of CC is very much in need; Cryotherapy or LEEP (Loop electro surgical excision procedure) can be conducted during the first and second stages of CC. Some metabolic changes in the human body such as fluctuating levels of insulin and triglycerides and increased activity of adiponectin may lead to CC. These contributing factors, such as adipokines, can be used as bio-markers for the CC det…

Source: Current Drug MetabolismCategory: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Metab Source Type: research

ConclusionThe study reported a high prevalence of HPV infection in rural women attending the Gynaecology and Cancer OPD of a tertiary care hospital. Several important risk factors for the HPV infection were also identified. These were early age at marriage, lack of education, increased parity, early age at first pregnancy, poor sanitation, use of tobacco and belonging to below poverty line. These findings call for more efforts to increase awareness pertaining to HPV infection and cervical cancer among rural women.

CONCLUSION: Forgone health and economic benefits associated with inequalities in CC screening uptake can be considerable in productive women.
PMID: 31870118 [PubMed – in process]

This study presents the proportion of screen-positive women [positive visual inspection of the cervix with acetic acid (VIA) and/or Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results] and its associated factors from a rural community-based cervical cancer screening conducted in a service setting.
METHODS: In this cross-sectional study involving record review, data was drawn from free screening camps conducted by a non-governmental organization in two rural districts of Tamil Nadu, India between March 2015 and March 2017. The associations were assessed using adjusted prevalence ratio with 95% confidence interval.
RESULTS: A total of …

ConclusionThe study reported a high prevalence of HPV infection in rural women attending the Gynaecology and Cancer OPD of a tertiary care hospital. Several important risk factors for the HPV infection were also identified. These were early age at marriage, lack of education, increased parity, early age at first pregnancy, poor sanitation, use of tobacco and belonging to below poverty line. These findings call for more efforts to increase awareness pertaining to HPV infection and cervical cancer among rural women.

Conclusion: It was determined that the knowledge level and attitudes of the participant women about HPV, cervical cancer, and Pap smear test were insufficient.

CONCLUSIONS: Taking into account the high rate of spontaneous regression of high-grade lesions in young women, these tests, in particular, the HPV mRNA test, used as a triage test for ASCUS or LSIL, can modify follow-up triage strategy. In fact, this biomarker, due to its high specificity, could lead to a cytology repetition instead of an immediate colposcopy, avoiding over diagnosis and potential overtreatment in this category of women.
PMID: 31858534 [PubMed – in process]

ConclusionThe CNN showed 95.46% diagnostic accuracy, suggesting potential use in screening.

Conclusions: A personal invitation letter approach is more effective in increasing the participation rate in CC screening and the number of detected abnormal Pap smears; however, it incurs additional expenses compared with current invitation practice.

AbstractIndigenous women have higher rates of cervical cancer and cervical cancer mortality compared to non-Indigenous women, as well as unique challenges to accessing screening services. Human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling has been demonstrated as an effective measure to reach under-screened women. A scoping review identified 19 sources matching selection criteria through a systematic search of PubMed and Scopus completed in May 2018. Analysis revealed that this is a limited field of research; albeit one that has undergone growth in the last 7  years. HPV self-sampling is identified as easy, convenient, comforta…



Source link