Bright idea in dentist’s office leads to innovative smoking cessation project


Results from this study recently published online in Addiction found primary care physicians providing smokers with a free, two week starter kit of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) increased quit attempts While sitting in the dentist’s office, Hollings Cancer Center researcher Matthew Carpenter, Ph.D., of the Medical University of South Carolina, had a bright idea. As he received his goody bag with dental hygiene products, he wondered why not conduct a study and have primary care providers do the same thing for their patients who use tobacco. The bags would contain educational material, free lozenges and tobacco cessation medications to encourage people to stop smoking. Results from the study, recently published online inAddiction, weren’t surprising to Carpenter. He and colleagues found providing smokers with a free, two?week starter kit of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) increased quit attempts, use of stop smoking medications, and smoking abstinence as compared with standard care in a primary care setting.” Not a day went by in this study when I was not excited by it because I knew that we were having an impact on real patients in the real world with their doctors, ” Carpenter said. ” This gets the patients to know that their doctor cares, and they have something they can use right now. ” Carpenter believes a smoker’s annual visit to the doctor creates the perfect window of opportunity for a physician to provide a quick intervention, while providi…

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Publication date: Available online 11 February 2020Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Ayami Ono, Manami Inoue, Norie Sawada, Eiko Saito, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Atsushi Goto, Motoki Iwasaki, Shoichiro Tsugane, the JPHC Study GroupAbstractAlcohol drinking is a risk factor for cancer. The degree of risk is increased in subjects showing the flushing response, which is due to aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) polymorphism. The attributable risk of alcohol drinking for cancer in Japan has not been sufficiently investigated with consideration of flushing response.We followed 78,825 Japanese in JPHC study cohort II. The a…

Source: Preventive MedicineCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

ConclusionsThe review identified barriers and possible enablers for Indigenous participation in the CRC screening program, some which appear to be unique to Indigenous people. Further intervention studies conducted in partnership with Indigenous communities are needed to improve participation.

Source: Preventive MedicineCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) is a serious side effect deriving from neurotoxic chemotherapeutic agents. The underlying nerve injury can affect proprioception causing impaired postural control, gait difficulties and a higher…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

The present study investigated the relationship between offenses of drivers in terms of number of tickets and their demographic, behavioral, and personality factors. The researchers had the aim of identifying significant contributing predictors of being ti…

Source: SafetyLitCategory: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

ConclusionThis case report describes a brain metastasis of a rare aggressive type of prostate cancer with poor prognosis. With metastatic lesions of prostatic adenocarcinoma, the probability of NE transdifferentiation increases. LCNEC has a poor prognosis attributed to its nature and late diagnosis. Thus, reporting and investigating such tumor will positively contribute to better management for future patients

ConclusionThe robotic approach provides a safe and effective technique for undertaking surgical resection of small bowel neuroendocrine tumour as well as complete mesocolic excision of lymph nodes. With a change in port positions, a robotic approach can be utilised for CME/CVL as well as retroperitoneal node dissection.

This study aimed to investigate the short ‐ and long‐term outcomes of mid‐BDC patients treated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) compared to those for BDSR.MethodsThis was a retrospective, Japanese and Korean multicenter collaboration study based on patients ’ medical records.ResultsA total of 663 patients, including 245 BDSR and 418 PD cases, were enrolled. The incidence of postoperative pancreatic fistula (3.3% vs. 44.1%,P

Source: Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic SurgeryCategory: Surgery Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Authors: AlMulla A, Hassan-Yassoub N, Fu D, El-Awa F, Alebshehy R, Ismail M, Fraser CP
The report aimed to review and assess the status of tobacco cessation services in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Nearly 70% of people in the Region have legal access to nicotine-replacement therapy but for 77% of these people the costs of the treatment are not covered. Bupropion and Varenicline are legally available in 10 and 11 EMR countries respectively. Just under 50% of people in the Region have access to at least some cessation support in primary health care facilities. Around 32% of people have access to a…

Conclusion: The prevalence of both active and passive tobacco smoking among older people was considered high compared to high-income countries. The most important factors associated with smoking status were sex, education and religiosity. There is an urgent need for anti-tobacco campaigns and smoking cessation interventions specifically targeting older people.
PMID: 32043548 [PubMed – in process]

Conclusion: Waterpipe tobacco users who also smoke cigarettes differ from waterpipe-only users, particularly in demographic characteristics. More research is needed to explore the interaction between these two smoking behaviours. Health promotion and cessation interventions in Pakistan should consider tailoring their approach to account for the unique characteristics of dual waterpipe and cigarette users.
PMID: 32043545 [PubMed – in process]

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