Liver Diseases, Causes and Symptoms

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Location
It is a haphazardly formed, firm sports ground like structure which comprises of two parts (a larger right lobe and a smaller left lobe) and two minor lobes. It is placed just under the diaphragm in the upper right abdomen and is mostly under the ribs and is extended to the middle and partially towards the left upper abdomen. While breathing in, it is pressed down by the diaphragm and its lower periphery descends below the boundary of the lowest rib.

Functions
Bile production
· Maintains balance of fluid
Controls bleeding
Blood storage
Fat metabolism
Removal of hemoglobin molecules

Diseases
Liver inflammation
Hepatitis B
Hepatitis C
Jaundice
Liver cirrhosis
Liver failure
Non alcoholic fatty liver disease
Wilson's disease

Causes

Autoimmune Hepatitis
It is caused because of external factors or attack on own immune system of the body.

Hepatitis B
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the only cause of this disease.

Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C virus (HBC) is the only cause of this disease.

Jaundice
o Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E and autoimmune hepatitis
o Liver cancer and cirrhosis
o Malaria
o Gilbert's, Rotor's, Dubin-Johnson and Crigler-Najjar syndromes
Hemolytic anemia
o Billary artesia

Liver Cirrhosis
o Alcoholic liver disease
o Chronic hepatitis C.
o Chronic hepatitis Band D
o Autoimmune hepatitis
o Non alcoholic steato hepatitis
o Inherited diseases
Bile ducts blockage
o Infections, drugs and toxins

Liver Failure
o Hepatitis B and C.
o Undernourishment
o Extreme use of alcohol for an extended time
Hemachromatosis
o Reaction to medicines
Cirrhosis
o Overdose of Tylenol
o Intake of untamed mushrooms

Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
Exact causes are not yet known, however, probable causes due to cluster of disorders that increases risk of:
Heart diseases
o Diabetes
o Stroke

Wilson's disease
The causes are hereditary in nature.

Symptoms

Autoimmune Hepatitis
o Abdominal pain
o Skin rashes
o Fatigue
o Joint pain
o Nausea or vomiting
o Jaundice
o Enlargement of liver
o Appearance of abdominal blood vessels on skin
o Dark yellow urine
o Loss of appetite
o Gray or pale colored stool
o Mental confusion

Hepatitis B
o Fatigue
o Abdominal pain
o Jaundice
o Nausea
o Loss of appetite
o Vomiting
o Dark yellow colored urine
o Joint pain
o Yellowish eyes and skin

Hepatitis C
o Abdominal pain
o Jaundice
o Loss of appetite
o Vomiting
o Nausea
o Dark yellow colored urine

Jaundice
o Yellow colored skin, eyes and mucous membrane

Liver Liver Cirrhosis
o Loss of appetite
o Intense itching
o Loss in weight
o Dark colored skin
o Bleeding from the nose
o Enlargement of breasts in men
o Confusion
o Fluid retention
o Jaundice
o Gallstone
Blood clotting difficulties
o Bleeding of esophageal vein

Liver Failure
o Loss of appetite
o Vomiting or nausea
o Fatigue
o Diarrhea
o Swelling in abdomen
o Easy bleeding
o Jaundice
o Mental disorder
Sleepiness
o Coma

Non Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
o Loss of appetite
o Nausea or vomiting
o Weight loss
o Easy bruising
o Appearance of small vein under skin
o Fatigue
o Bleeding engorged esophageal or intestinal veins
o Jaundice
o Lack of sex desire
o Retention of fluid in abdomen
o Swollen feet and legs
o Intense itching of legs, hands or whole body

Wilson's Disease
o Swollen liver and spleen
o Building of fluid in abdomen lining
o Decreased white blood count and platelet in blood
Anemia
o Increased levels of protein, amino acid, carbohydrates and uric acid in urine
o Jaundice
o Speech problems
o Softening of bones
Blood vomiting
o Rigidness of muscles
o Tremors in hands and arms



Source by Qazi Saifullah