Naval Warfare and Its Influence on the Course of History

Some of the largest conquests in the history of the world were made on land. But this does not mean that naval warfare is less important. Quite the opposite thanks to this type of combat entire empires were formed.

The first sea battle that was officially recorded was in 1210 BC. The Hittites defeated a fleet from Cyprus and burnt the enemy’s ships. The Ancient Greeks and Persians often engaged in naval battles. The sea combat tactics had an important role in the Peloponnesian Wars as well. The fleet of Alexander the Great played a significant part in his conquests. The Romans also relied on naval warfare during the Punic Wars. They even invented a new technique for of boarding the enemy ships with soldiers. Other people such as the Arabs, the Vikings and the Chinese also built fleets and engaged in sea battles.

Up until the 16th century most naval battles were led near shores in tranquil waters as the harsher weather conditions often provided for the easier destruction of both fleets made up of light rowing ships. The growing knowledge allowed for the invention of vessels with sales that were larger, heavier and faster. These could travel longer distances even when the conditions were rough. So, the age of sea conquest began. The naval warfare determined not only the conquering of new lands and peoples. It was also the basis for the domination of any of the great powers in Europe at the time – England, Spain and France.

After the end of the Age of Sales in the 19th century and the peaceful era of the Pax Britannica after the battle of Trafalgar, there was room for more inventions in naval warfare. The early 20th century marked the appearance of the first submarine and aircraft carrier used in combat.

Source by Cain Marko

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